The 2019 World Report on Vision revealed that globally there is at least 2.2 billion people with vision impairment. The main causes of visual impairment included unaddressed refractive error(123.7 million), Cataract (65.2 million), Glaucoma (6.9 million), Corneal opacities (4.2 million), Diabetic Retinopathy (3 million), Trachoma (2 million) and Unaddressed presbyopia, (826 million). Concerted global effort for prevention of blindness commenced in with launch of VISION 2020, “The Right to Sight Global Initiative” in 1999 by World Health Organization (WHO) and International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB). The mission of VISION 2020 is to eliminate the main causes of all preventable and treatable blindness as a public health issue by the year 2020. The recommended approaches (pillars) are disease control, human resource development, and infrastructure and technology. Kenya has been implementing all WHO and VISION 2020 guidelines.
Original Source: iapb.org